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Ways of Hypertension Cause Heart Disease

Untreated hypertension can trigger the development of other diseases, one of which is heart disease. Nearly half of people with untreated hypertension die from heart disease related to reduced blood flow (ischemic heart disease) and deaths from stroke.

Treatment and lifestyle changes can help control high blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of life-threatening complications. Want to know more about how hypertension can cause heart disease, the answer is here!

 Ways of Hypertension Cause Heart Disease
Credits: Canva

Hypertension Cause Heart Disease

The heart pumps blood throughout the body. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage the heart in several ways, such as:

  • Coronary heart disease

Coronary artery blood vessels are blood vessels that carry blood to the heart muscle. Chronic high blood pressure can cause blood vessels to become narrow, thereby reducing the intake of blood flow to the heart. This condition is known as coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease.

  • Left Heart enlarged

High blood pressure forces the heart to work harder than needed to pump blood throughout the body. This causes the left ventricle to thicken or stiff (left ventricular hypertrophy).

This change limits the ability of the ventricles to pump blood to the body. This condition increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death.

  • Heart failure

Over time, the pressure on the heart caused by high blood pressure can cause the heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently. As a result, the heart becomes overwhelmed, starting to wear out and fail.

Pain or pressure in the chest is the most common symptom of a heart attack. However, pain or discomfort in the arms, back, neck, or jaw can also be a sign. Likewise, shortness of breath, nausea, or dizziness. If you experience one or more of these warning signs, go to the hospital immediately.

Hypertension can also affect other areas of the body, which cause problems, such as:
  • Bone Loss

High blood pressure can increase the amount of calcium present in urine. Excessive calcium can cause loss of bone density (osteoporosis), which in turn can cause fractures. This risk is especially increased in older women.

  • Hard to sleep

Estimated high blood pressure apnea. The problem is when blood pressure rises abnormally, it can interfere with breathing. One consequence is snoring.

If you have high blood pressure, you need to reduce salt intake. According to research from the Journal of the American Heart Association, adding calcium and magnesium to drinking water can potentially help lower blood pressure levels in the entire population.

Changing your diet can significantly reduce high blood pressure. Research has shown that certain foods can lower blood pressure, both immediately and in the long run. Several food choices can reduce high blood pressure, namely avocados, cantaloupe, berries, mushrooms, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, tuna, and peas.

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